The seeds that the Chinese mission “Chang’e-4” have seized on the moon, reports the China National Space Agency, and transmits “BBC”.
This is the first time any biological culture has grown to the moon, so this event is considered a significant step towards long-term space exploration.
Otherwise, previously planted herbs in space, the International Space Station, but we have never done so on our natural satellite.
First in human history: A cotton seed brought to the moon by China’s Chang’e 4 probe has sprouted, the latest test photo has shown, marking the completion of humankind’s first biological experiment on the moon pic.twitter.com/CSSbgEoZmC
— People’s Daily, China (@PDChina) January 15, 2019
Astronauts could travel to Mars
The ability and experience of cultivating the herbs on the moon are important for all other projects and long-term space missions, such as Mars journey that may take about two and a half years. This means that astronauts in the universe can use food from their own production, thereby reducing the need to return to Earth to take more products.
Chinese state media reported that cotton seeds sprouted in the first herbs, and “People’s Daily” on Twitter also released the first photos of them. In addition, they wrote that it was “the first biological experiment of humanity on the moon”.
Setting the foundation for the future
Fred Watson, an astronomer from the Australian Observatory, told BBC that this was “very good news”.
“This success suggests that perhaps in the future there will be no insurmountable problems for astronauts to grow their own crops on the moon in controlled conditions,” Watson added.
“Knowledge about plant growth in a low gravity environment will enable us to lay the foundations for the future establishment of a space base,” said Shi Genshin, the project leader of the mini-ecosystem for “South China Morning Post” and added that cotton, For example, it could be used for clothing, while potatoes could be a source of food for astronauts and oil-oil rape.
The first flower of the moon
The Chinese mission “Chang’e-4” will analyze the ground and measure the temperature to discover the origin of water in the unexpectedly large amount of ground on our natural satellite.
— CGTN (@CGTNOfficial) January 3, 2019
According to information from the Chinese state news agency Sinhue, a probe of the moon also poured a small herb of the genus “Arabidopsis”, which is expected to grow into the first flower on the moon. Fruit flakes and yeast are also found in the probe.
The probe will study the crater
The Chang’e-4 module will study the crater Vaughn Karman, located inside the southern pole-Aitken pool, thought to have come about during the strong impact of another celestial body on the Moon’s surface.
Given that the probe landed in the crater Von Karman, it will be able to study the site of a large asteroid with a diameter greater than 500 kilometers, hit the surface of the moon, and created the SPA pool. The impact was so strong that it probably pierced the outer part of the bark of the moon, and the probe could collect samples that could give scientists an answer and give them a better insight into the inner structure.