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Space

NASA sends a spacecraft to the Sun to explore it

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After dropping the robot on Mars and sending probes flying over other planets, NASA is ready to launch a spacecraft to the Sun.

The Parker Solar Probe will be launched on Saturday from the Cape Canaveral Cosmodrome. It will be the beginning of a mission designed to solve puzzles that astrophysicists confuse for 60 years.

Parker will be the first spacecraft to reach the Solar Crown atmosphere. To the surface of the Sun it would be closer to 6.1 million kilometers, seven times closer than any aircraft had come.

Parker will first go to Venus and use her gravity to get closer to the Sun.

The orbiting around Venus will direct the probe on a path to which the Sun will begin to approach in November. In the next seven years, Parker should travel around Venus 24 times and gradually approach the Sun.

During the mission, the spacecraft will conduct scientific research in the dangerous area of intense heat and solar radiation, NASA reported. Even at a distance of 6.1 million kilometers, the probe will be close enough to examine the acceleration of the solar wind from the subconscious to the supersonic velocity.

Parker, flying hard 700 kg, will move at a speed of 200 km per second.

NASA hopes Parker will help her to gain knowledge about the functioning of the stars and to collect data that will advance the weather forecast on Earth. He also hopes to discover many of the secrets of the Sun, such as the one about why the crown is warmer than the very surface of the Sun.

The primary scientific goal of the mission is to monitor how energy and heat move through the corona and research that accelerates the solar wind and solar energy particles. Scientists look for answers to these questions for 60 years, but they could not explore in detail until technology was developed that would allow thermal protection of the spacecraft.

Parker will have a 12-inch thick thermal shield, made of carbon, which could bear a temperature higher than 1,300 degrees Celsius and intense radiation.

This is the first NASA spacecraft to be called by a living scientist, astrophysicist Eugene Parker, who dedicates his life to the study of the Sun.

“The solar probe goes into the unexplored space of space,” said Parker in May. – It is very exciting that we can finally see the Sun from close. I’m sure there will be some surprises. It’s always there, “said Parker.

And the European Space Agency plans to launch a probe to the Sun in October. Although these two projects have been developed independently, their close cooperation is expected in the future.

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