The next wave of scientific and technological progress will be based on molecular biology, biotechnology, artificial intelligence, and nanotechnology, says Michi Caku, the famous physicist and futurist. In his recent speech at the International Economic Forum in St. Petersburg, Professor Kaku described a high-tech future with digital immortality and perfect capitalism. “People come and ask me how to become a billionaire. First, log into any industry. Secondly, eliminate the intermediaries. In trade, for example, it is a retail sale. Third, identify the sources of waste and eliminate them. Fourth, digitize everything. And here you have: perfect capitalism, “explains Kaku.
The next wave of scientific and technological progress will be based on molecular biology, biotechnology, artificial intelligence and nanotechnology, says Michi Caku, the renowned physicist and futurist, co-founder of the theory of sequence and population science of science.
In his recent speech at the International Economic Forum in St. Petersburg, Professor Kaku described a high-tech future with digital immortality and perfect capitalism. Do robots know they are different from humans? Which professions will soon be outdated forever? Will we ever get a chance to talk to Albert Einstein? These are just some of the dilemmas that Kaku made during his speech. Capital conveys the main points of his speech about what future awaits us.
The power of computers
Computer gears increase twice every eighteen months. All computers today are based on silicon, but in the future we will have quantum computers and Quantum Valley instead of Silicon Valley. Surgeons today have internet in operating rooms in order to have access to various scans and medical records, and soon there will be robotic doctors who will be able to use the Internet to provide medical guidelines. How much time do you spend on medical exams and tests? In the future, you can use your wristwatch to consult a practitioner for free. The same is true with legal services. Virtual reality and Internet access will allow you to learn everything about someone with just one glance.
Supercomputers will help us to design supersonic aircraft that do not produce a sound boom. “It took me 12 hours to get to St. Petersburg from New York. One day, it will last only two hours, partly thanks to the development of individual air transport. We will have self-steering cars and flying personal vehicles. We may no longer need personal vehicles and we will be able to call a car at any place we like, “says Kaku.
Everything will be personalized
What is predicted is that people will be able to put a device in their contact lenses that will measure the blood sugar level. “Pain in the chest? Look into the mirror, tell him how you feel and get medical advice. 3D printers can do all the work exactly as you need it. Whenever you go to a shoe store, they will measure the feet and send you a pair of shoes right then and there. The same goes for jewelry, toys and everything else. We will have even smart walls so you can change the background whenever you want. Flexible electronics is already here, and you’ll soon be able to literally install it on one of your devices, “says Kaku.
“Pain in the chest? Look into the mirror, tell him how you feel and get medical advice. 3D printers can do all the work exactly as you need it. Whenever you go to a shoe store, they will measure the feet and send you a pair of shoes right then and there. The same goes for jewelry, toys and everything else. We will have even smart walls so you can change the background whenever you want. Flexible electronics is already here, and you’ll soon be able to literally install it on one of your devices, “says Kaku.
If anyone can find out what he wants by blinking an eye using specialized glasses or contact lenses, what will happen to the exams? Obsolete concepts for storing information will be replaced by learning principles and ways of thinking.
The future of the labor market
Technological progress will inevitably affect the labor market. Professions that involve repetitive work will no longer be relevant, as well as intermediaries such as accountants, cashiers … Legal experts, however, will be needed, as they are those who present cases in court and talk to the judge. However, professions that require spatial intelligence, logic, and common sense will remain relevant. What is healthy thinking? How do you know that the daughter is older than the mother, that the water is damp? That’s common sense. Robots do not have that. If you show them a robot table, you will see squares, circles, colors, and textures, but you will not know it’s a table. Robots go wrong with models and patter. If your toilet is clogged, the robot can not repair it because all the toilets are different. Robots can not replace gardeners because they have no sense of aesthetics. Although we think robots will replace garbage collectors, this will not happen because robots cannot distinguish between garbage and useful items.
Intellectual capital is the foundation of the future economy
Robots can not take jobs that require intellectual capital. It’s experience, logic, leadership skills, creativity, innovative thought, communication with others … Tony Blair said that Britain got more revenue from rock and roll than from the coal industry. How is it possible? Coal is a commodity, and commodity prices change, while intellectual capital is always valued. It’s extremely difficult to model the human brain. Intellectual capital is the foundation of the future economy. “People come and ask me how to become a billionaire. First, log into any industry. Secondly, eliminate the intermediaries. In trade, for example, it is a retail sale. Third, identify the sources of waste and eliminate them. Fourth, digitize everything. And here you have: perfect capitalism “; explains Kaku.
He points out that this is what Amazon is trying to do right now. Who will win this? First and foremost, society. Prices will go down. Today, with the law of supply and demand, you can never tell if you have asked for too much money. In the new economy, you will be able to observe the production process as a whole.
Even today, we have devices that are small enough to be put into the pill. When you swallow, the coating dissolves and releases a mini-camera into your hoses. Using a magnet, doctors can move around your body and take pictures. Nanorobots like these can be used to perform surgery from the inside of the organ. There are devices that attach to cancer cells and destroy them. This technology is already used to treat several patients. If you have only a few cancer cells nowadays, they will grow into a tumor in about ten years. Today, scientists are developing technology to help us find a single carcinogen cell among a billion healthy cells. In the future, you can go to the bathroom, and special sensors will use your biological waste to monitor cancer cells. Perhaps the word “tumor” will no longer be relevant. We will be able to grow new organs, and even today we already have technology that allows us to develop ears, bladder, and trachea. None of these organs will be rejected by your body because they are grown from your own cells.
Aging and immortality
Now science begins to understand the nature of aging. “We could not understand why cells die, but now know what the cause is. Scientists today are trying to learn how to modify genes and make cells immortal. Different cells also have different lifespan, and we all have a built-in “life-clock”. We have the ability to stop that watch. There is an enzyme that makes cells divide to infinity, and scientists who synthesized that enzyme even received the Nobel Prize, “explains Kakú.
Digitization of the mind
Michi Kaku believes that mapping the human brain can only be the next global research project, similar to that given by the world’s atomic energy and decodes the human genome. “Even today, monitoring the blood flow in the brain allows us to confirm different theories. For example, Sigmund Freud argued that the brain was in charge of libido, ego, and subconscious mind. People considered him crazy, but he was right. Scans with magnetic resonance imaging show that the whole human personality, that is, ego, subconscious, and desires, are in the frontal lobe of the brain. Parents often think that their teens have something in their head. That’s correct. This part of the brain is still underdeveloped in teenage children, which makes them prone to reckless and risky decisions, “he explains, adding that in the future, we will be able to visualize images of our mind and 3D printing. “We may be able to print our dreams, and this can only become a new form of art. Or, let’s say, we will write current emotions instead of emoji, and our friends can transfer them to their brain through a separate device. Imagine what effect will it have on cinematography, if we are able to experience the emotions of the characters. Telepathy. We already have prototypical examples of that phenomenon with a prosthesis that can be controlled using one mind. Patients with Alzheimer’s disease will be able to record their memories and use a microchip to help them remember things. Essentially, we can send memory, just like in the Matrix, “Kaku says.
Robotics will necessarily become an integral part of life. Is it dangerous? Today, even the highly advanced android Asimo has an intellectual level of cockroaches. If you leave a cockroach in the forest, you will seek shelter, food, and husband. If you leave Asimo in the forest, he will only be lost. Soon, robots will be as smart as mice, then rats, then cats and dogs. Once they compare with the monkeys in intelligence, then they are really dangerous. Cats and dogs do not understand that they are different from people: they think that we are only leaders in their package. The monkeys, however, know that they are not people, they are self-conscious. While robots become self-conscious, we need to implement some kind of automated killer switch. What if they find a way to bypass this switch? This is a real problem of the 22nd century. I believe we will merge with the robots and we will become superhuman. We will have avatars, that is, mechanical copies of ourselves, while our person will be kept in a computer.
The three dangers of civilization
According to Michi Kaku, the first danger to civilization is if the nuclear weapon ended in an unstable region of the planet, which according to him is beginning to happen. The second danger He sees in global climate change. “For now, the changes are mild, but the effects can already be felt. Flooding in the future will flood many cities,” Kaku said.
The third danger is the threat of viruses, especially today when every school child can encode one such in the comfort of his own home, says Kaku.
All wars are guided by dictators and kings. Democracy never leads to wars. “So I believe in the development of a democratic society, where the Internet is very helpful; people are beginning to understand that they have the power to change things and have to take responsibility. Some say the technology is immoral, but I believe that the development of technology can work together with enlightenment and democracy, “Kaku concludes.